What is albuterol
works by relaxing muscles in the airways to improve breathing.
is used to treat bronchospasm (wheezing, shortness of breath)
associated with reversible obstructive airway disease such
may also be used for conditions other than those listed in
this medication guide.
General medical information about albuterol
Seek medical attention if you notice that you require
more than your usual or more than the maximum amount of any
asthma medication in a 24-hour period. An increased need for
medication could be an early sign of a serious asthma attack.
What you should find out before taking albuterol Before taking albuterol, tell your doctor if you have:
- heart disease or high blood pressure;
epilepsy or another seizure disorder;
- an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism);
- liver disease; or
You may not be able to take albuterol
or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring
during treatment if you have any of the conditions listed
Albuterol is in the FDA pregnancy category
C. This means that it is not known whether it will harm
an unborn baby. Do not take albuterol without first talking
to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant
It is not known whether albuterol
passes into breast milk. Do not take albuterol without first
talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
How should take albuterol Take albuterol exactly as directed by your doctor.
If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist,
nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.
dose with a full glass of water.
To ensure that you
get a correct dose, measure the liquid forms of albuterol
with a special dose-measuring spoon or cup, not with a regular
table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device,
ask your pharmacist where you can get one.
break, crush, or chew the Volmax or Proventil Repetabs tablets.
These are specially formulated to release the medication
slowly in the body. The Volmax tablets have an outer shell
that is not absorbed by the body. Occasionally, this shell
may be seen in the stool. This is not a problem as the medication
has been absorbed by the body.
Seek medical attention
if you notice that you require more than your usual or more
than the maximum amount of any asthma medication in a 24-hour
period. An increased need for medication could be an early
sign of a serious asthma attack.
Store the Volmax
brand of albuterol tablets in the refrigerator between 36
and 46 degrees Fahrenheit (2 and 8 degrees Celsius).
Store all other forms of albuterol at room temperature away
from moisture and heat.
If you miss a dose: Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However,
if it is almost time for the next regularly scheduled dose,
skip the missed dose and take the next one as directed.
Do not take a double dose of this medication.
What happens if you overdose: Seek emergency medical attention.
of an albuterol overdose may include angina or chest pain,
irregular heartbeats or a fluttering heart, seizures, tremor,
weakness, headache, nausea, and vomiting.
Avoid while taking albuterol Avoid situations that may worsen your respiratory
condition such as exercising in cold, dry air; smoking;
breathing in dust; and exposure to allergens such as pet
Possible side effects of albuterol Stop taking albuterol and seek emergency medical
attention if you experience any of the following serious
- an allergic reaction (difficulty
breathing; closing of your throat; swelling of your lips,
tongue, or face; or hives); or
- chest pain or irregular
Other, less serious side effects may
be more likely to occur. Continue to take albuterol and
talk to your doctor if you experience
- dizziness or lightheadedness;
- tremor or nervousness;
nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea; or
- dry mouth.
Side effects other than those listed here may also occur.
Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual
or that is especially bothersome.
What other drugs will affect albuterol Before taking albuterol, tell your doctor if you
are taking any of the following medicines:
- a beta-blocker
such as atenolol (Tenormin), metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol
XL), propranolol (Inderal), acebutolol (Sectral), bisoprolol
(Zebeta), carteolol (Cartrol), carvedilol (Coreg), labetalol
(Normodyne, Trandate), nadolol (Corgard), or pindolol (Visken);
- a tricyclic antidepressant such as amitriptyline
(Elavil), doxepin (Sinequan), nortriptyline (Pamelor), amoxapine
(Asendin), clomipramine (Anafranil), desipramine (Norpramin),
imipramine (Tofranil), or protriptyline (Vivactil);
a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) such as isocarboxazid
(Marplan), phenelzine (Nardil), or tranylcypromine (Parnate);
- another oral or inhaled bronchodilator; or
caffeine, diet pills, or decongestants.
You may not
be able to take albuterol, or you may require a dosage adjustment
or special monitoring during treatment if you are taking
any of the medications listed above.
other than those listed here may also interact with albuterol
or affect your condition. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist
before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines,
including herbal products.