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Cipro

What is Cipro

Cipro is an antibiotic in a class of drugs called fluoroquinolones. Cipro fights bacteria in the body.

Cipro is used to treat various types of bacterial infections.

Cipro may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

General medical information about Cipro

Take all of the Cipro that has been prescribed for you even if you begin to feel better. Your symptoms may start to improve before the infection is completely treated.

Drink plenty of extra fluid every day while taking Cipro.

Do not take antacids that contain calcium, magnesium, or aluminum (e.g., Tums or Rolaids); the ulcer medicine sucralfate (Carafate); or vitamin or mineral supplements that contain calcium, iron or zinc for a minimum of 6 hours before or 2 hours after a dose of Cipro. Taking antacids, sucralfate, or vitamin or mineral supplements too close to a dose of Cipro can greatly decrease the effects of the antibiotic.

What you should find out before taking Cipro

Before taking Cipro, tell your doctor if you have:
- kidney disease; or
- epilepsy or seizures.

You may not be able to take Cipro, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring if you have either of the conditions listed above.

Cipro is in the FDA pregnancy category C. This means that it is not known whether Cipro will be harmful to an unborn baby. Do not take this medication without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during treatment.

Cipro passes into breast milk and may affect bone development of the nursing baby. Do not take this medication without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

Cipro is not approved for use by children younger than 18 years of age (except for use in post-exposure inhalational anthrax). It may interfere with bone development.

How should take Cipro

Take Cipro exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these instructions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.

Take each dose with a full glass of water (8 ounces). Drink several extra glasses of fluid each day to prevent the formation of Cipro crystals in the urine.

Shake the oral suspension vigorously for 15 seconds before each use. Do not chew the microcapsules in the suspension, swallow them whole.

Do not crush, break, or chew the CIPRO XR tablets. Swallow them whole. They are specially formulated to release the medication slowly in the body.

Cipro may be taken with or without food. It is preferable to take Cipro 2 hours after a meal.

Do not take Cipro with dairy products (such as milk or yogurt) or calcium-fortified juice alone. It is not a problem if Cipro is taken with dietary calcium in a normal meal, but when taken only with dairy products or calcium-fortified juice, the effectiveness of the medication may be decreased.

Take Cipro at evenly spaced intervals.

Do not take antacids that contain calcium, magnesium or aluminum (e.g., Tums or Rolaids); the ulcer medicine sucralfate (Carafate); or vitamin or mineral supplements that contain calcium, iron or zinc for a minimum of 6 hours before or 2 hours after a dose of Cipro. Taking antacids, sucralfate, or vitamin or mineral supplements too close to a dose of Cipro can greatly decrease the effects of the antibiotic.

Take all of the Cipro that has been prescribed for you even if you begin to feel better. Symptoms may start to improve before the infection is completely treated.

Store this medication at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

If you miss a dose:

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take only the next regularly scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose of this medication unless otherwise directed by your doctor.

What happens if you overdose:

Seek emergency medical attention.

The most common symptom of a Cipro overdose is seizures.

Avoid while taking Cipro

Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight. Cipro may increase the sensitivity of the skin to sunlight, and a sunburn may result. If sun exposure is unavoidable, wear protective clothing and use a sunscreen. Call your doctor if you experience severe burning, redness, itching, rash, or swelling after exposure to the sun.

Use caution when driving, operating machinery, or performing other hazardous activities. Cipro may cause dizziness. If you experience dizziness, avoid these activities.

Avoid excessive consumption of products that contain caffeine. Cipro may increase the effects of caffeine.

Possible side effects of Cipro

If you experience any of the following serious side effects, stop taking Cipro and seek emergency medical attention or contact your doctor immediately:
- an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; swelling of the lips, tongue, or face; or hives);
- seizures;
- confusion or hallucinations;
- liver damage (yellowing of the skin or eyes, nausea, abdominal pain or discomfort, unusual bleeding or bruising, severe fatigue); or
- muscle or joint pain;
- skin rash; or
- chest pain, chest discomfort, shortness of breath, or swelling of the legs or feet.

If you experience any of the following less serious side effects, continue taking Cipro and talk to your doctor:
- nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
- headache;
- dizziness or lightheadedness;
- drowsiness;
- insomnia;
- ringing in the ears; or
- increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight.

Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.

What other drugs will affect Cipro

Do not take antacids that contain calcium, magnesium or aluminum (e.g., Tums or Rolaids); the ulcer medicine sucralfate (Carafate); or vitamin or mineral supplements that contain calcium, iron or zinc for a minimum of 6 hours before or 2 hours after a dose of Cipro. Taking antacids, sucralfate, or vitamin or mineral supplements too close to a dose of Cipro can greatly decrease the effects of the antibiotic.

Before taking Cipro, tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following drugs:
- didanosine (Videx, ddI);
- theophylline (Theo-Dur, Theolair, Slo-Phyllin, Slo-Bid, Elixophyllin);
- warfarin (Coumadin);
- probenecid (Benemid);
- insulin or an oral diabetes medication such as glipizide (Glucotrol), glyburide (Micronase, Diabeta, Glynase), and others;
- a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, others), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn, Anaprox), ketoprofen (Orudis KT, Orudis, Oruvail), and others;
- phenytoin (Dilantin); or
- cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune).

You may not be able to take Cipro, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment if you are taking any of the medicines listed above.

Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with Cipro. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines, including herbal products.

All prescription drugs:

A
abilify accupril accutane acetaminophen aciphex actifed actonel actos acyclovir adalat adderall adipex advair advil albuterol alesse aleve allegra allopurinol amaryl ambien amiodarone amitriptyline amoxicillin amoxil amphetamine anacin aprazolam aricept asacol aspirin atenolol ativan atorvastatin atrovent augmentin avandia avapro avastin avelox azmacort
B
baclofen
bactrim bactroban baycol benadryl bextra biaxin boniva bontril buspar buspirone
C
caduet campral camptosar capoten captopril cardizem cardura carisoprodol casodex catapress cefzil celebrex celexa cellcept cephalexin cialis cipro ciprodex clarinex claritin climara clindamycin clonazepam clonidine codeine codeprex combivent combivir concerta copaxone coreg coricidin cotrim coumadin cozaar crestor cubicin cyclobenzaprine cymbalta
D
darvocet demerol depakote desogen detrol dextromethorphan diazepam diclofenac didrex diflucan digoxin dilantin diltiazem dimetapp diovan diprivan ditropan doxazosin doxycycline drixoral duragesic dyazide
E
effexor elavil elocon eloxatin emend enalapril enbrel endocet engerix-b entex epogen epzicom erbitux ertaczo ery-tab erythromycin estradiol evista 
F
fabrazyme famotidine fazaclo fenofibrate fioricet fiorinal flexeril flomax flonase flovent fluoxetine fosamax fosrenol furosemide  
G
gabapentin gamimune gemfibrozil gemzar glipizide glucophage glucotrol glucovance glyburide glyburide guaifenesin guaifenex 
H
herceptin humalog humira hydroxyzine hyzaar  
I
ibuprofen imdur imitrex imodium inderal insulin integrilin iressa 
K
kaletra keflex kenalog keppra ketek klonopin kytril  
L
lamictal lamisil lanoxin lantus lasix lescol levaquin levitra levothyroxine levoxyl lexapro lidoderm lipitor lisinopril lithium lorazepam lortab lotensin lotrel lotrisone lovenox lupron luveris  
M
macrobid magnevist meclizine medroxyprogesterone meridia metformin methadone methamphetamine methotrexate methylphenidate methylprednisolone metoclopramide metoprolol metronidazole miacalcin minocycline mobic monopril morphine motrin myfortic  
N
naproxen nasacort nasonex natrecor neulasta neupogen neurontin nexium nifedipine nitrofurantoin norco nortriptyline norvasc  
O
omeprazole omnicef orthovisc oxybutynin oxycodone oxycontin oxytrol  
P
paraplatin patanol paxil pegasys penicillin pepcid percocet percodan percogesic phendimetrazine phenergan phentermine phenytoin plavix plendil potassium pravachol prednisone premarin prempro prevacid prilosec prinivil procrit promethazine propecia propofol propoxyphene propranolol protonix proventil provigil prozac pseudoephedrine pulmicort  
R
ranitidine rebetol reglan relafen relpax remeron remicade renagel renova rhinocort riomet risperdal risperidone ritalin rituxan rocephin rogaine roxicet  
S
sanctura seasonale sensipar serevent seroquel serzone singulair skelaxin soma somavert sonata spiriva spironolactone strattera striant sustiva synagis synthroid 
T
tamoxifen tavist taxol taxotere tegretol temazepam tenormin tenuate tequin terazosin tetracycline tiazac tindamax titralac tobradex topamax toprol tramadol trazodone triamcinolone triaminic triamterene tricor trileptal trimox triphasil trizivir truvada tylenol 
U
ultane ultracet ultram uroxatral
V
valium valtrex vaniqa vasotec velcade verapamil viagra vicodin vicoprofen vidaza viracept viread vytorin  
W
warfarin wellbutrin  
X
xalatan xanax xenical xifaxan xolair xopenex xyrem  
Y
yasmin 
Z
zanaflex zantac zavesca zelnorm zemplar zerit zestoretic zestril zetia ziac zithromax zocor zofran zoladex zoloft zometa zorbtive zosyn zovirax zyrtec zyvox