What is gabapentin
affects chemicals and nerves in the body that are involved
in the cause of seizures and some types of pain. The exact
way that it works is unknown.
is used with other drugs in the treatment of some types of
seizures and for the management of postherpetic neuralgia
(nerve pain caused by the herpes virus or shingles).
may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this
General medical information about gabapentin
If you are taking gabapentin for seizures, do not
stop taking gabapentin even if you feel better. It is important
to continue taking the medication to prevent seizures from
Carry or wear a medical identification
tag to let others know that you are taking this medicine
in the case of an emergency.
Use caution when driving,
operating machinery, or performing other hazardous activities.
Gabapentin may cause dizziness or drowsiness. If you experience
dizziness or drowsiness, avoid these activities.
What you should find out before taking
Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if
you have any other medical conditions, especially kidney,
liver, or heart disease. Also discuss any medicines that
you take, including over-the-counter preparations.
Gabapentin is in the FDA pregnancy category C. This means
that it is not known whether gabapentin will be harmful
to an unborn baby. Do not take gabapentin without first
talking to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become
pregnant during treatment.
Gabapentin passes into
breast milk. Do not take gabapentin without first talking
to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
How should take gabapentin Take gabapentin exactly as directed by your doctor.
If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist,
nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.
dose of gabapentin with a full glass of water.
can be taken with or without food.
To ensure you
get the correct dose, measure the gabapentin oral solution
with a dose-measuring cup or spoon, not a regular table
spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your
pharmacist where you can get one.
Carry or wear a
medical identification tag to let others know that you are
taking this medicine in the case of an emergency.
Do not stop taking gabapentin without talking to your doctor.
Suddenly stopping gabapentin may cause side effects.
If you are taking gabapentin for seizures, do not stop taking
gabapentin even if you feel better. It is important to continue
taking the medication to prevent seizures from recurring.
Store gabapentin tablets and capsules at room temperature
away from moisture and heat.
Store the gabapentin
oral solution in the refrigerator.
If you miss a dose: Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However,
if several hours have passed and it is almost time for the
next dose, skip the missed dose and take only the next regularly
scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose of the medication
to catch up.
What happens if you overdose: Seek emergency medical treatment.
of a gabapentin overdose include double vision, drowsiness,
slurred speech, diarrhea, poor coordination, and difficulty
Avoid while taking gabapentin Use caution when driving, operating machinery, or
performing other hazardous activities. Gabapentin may cause
dizziness or drowsiness. If you experience dizziness or
drowsiness, avoid these activities.
during treatment with gabapentin. Alcohol may increase the
risk of having side effects while taking gabapentin.
Possible side effects of gabapentin If you experience any of the following serious side
effects, stop taking gabapentin and seek medical attention
or contact your doctor immediately:
- an allergic
reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; swelling
of the lips, tongue, or face; or hives).
serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue
to take gabapentin and talk to your doctor if you experience
- dizziness, poor coordination, or drowsiness;
blurred or double vision;
- irregular back-and- forth
movements of the eyes;
- nausea and vomiting; or
If children 3 to 12 years of age
experience any of the following serious side effects, contact
your doctor immediately
- emotional liability (anxiety,
behavior problems, crying, false sense of well-being, mental
depression, reacting too quickly, too emotionally, or overreacting,
rapidly changing moods);
- hostility (aggressive
behavior, suspiciousness, or distrust);
hyperactivity or increase in body movements;
(loss of memory); or
- thought disorders (concentration
problems and change in school performance).
effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk
to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual
or that is especially bothersome.
What other drugs will affect gabapentin Gabapentin does not interact with other commonly
used antiseizure medications.
Antacids will decrease
the amount of gabapentin that is absorbed in the stomach.
Do not take gabapentin for at least 2 hours after a dose
Gabapentin may increase the effects of
other drugs that cause drowsiness, including antidepressants,
alcohol, antihistamines, sedatives (used to treat insomnia),
pain relievers, anxiety medicines, and muscle relaxants.
other than those listed here may also interact with gabapentin
or affect your condition. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist
before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines,
including herbal products.