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Metronidazole

What is Metronidazole

Metronidazole is an antibiotic. It fights bacteria in your body.

Metronidazole is used to treat infections such as abdominal infections, skin and tissue infections, bone and joint infections, gynecologic infections, and respiratory tract infections.

Metronidazole may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

General medical information about Metronidazole

Take all of the Metronidazole that has been prescribed for you even if you begin to feel better. Your symptoms may start to improve before the infection is completely treated.

Do not drink alcohol while taking Metronidazole. Flushing, fast heartbeats, nausea, and vomiting may occur when alcohol is ingested during Metronidazole therapy.

What you should find out before taking Metronidazole

Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you have:
- liver disease,
- a stomach or intestinal disease, or
- epilepsy or another seizure disorder.

You may not be able to take Metronidazole, or you may require a lower dose or special monitoring during your therapy if you have any of these conditions.

Metronidazole is in the FDA pregnancy category B. This means that it is not likely to harm an unborn baby. Do not, however, take Metronidazole without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant.

Metronidazole passes into breast milk and may affect a nursing infant. Do not take this medication without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

How should take Metronidazole

Take Metronidazole exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these instructions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.

Take each dose with a full glass (8 ounces) of water.

Take all of the Metronidazole that has been prescribed for you even if you begin to feel better. Your symptoms may start to improve before the infection is completely treated.

Store Metronidazole at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

If you miss a dose:

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Take the rest of the day's doses at evenly spaced intervals unless otherwise directed by your doctor.

What happens if you overdose:

Seek emergency medical attention.

Symptoms of a Metronidazole overdose include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, loss of coordination, numbness and tingling, and seizures.

Avoid while taking Metronidazole

Do not drink alcohol while taking Metronidazole. Flushing, fast heartbeats, nausea, and vomiting may occur when alcohol is ingested during Metronidazole therapy.

Be aware of the alcohol content of other products such as cough and cold medicines. Alcohol in these products can also cause a reaction.

Possible side effects of Metronidazole

If you experience any of the following serious side effects, stop taking Metronidazole and seek emergency medical attention:
- an allergic reaction (swelling of your lips, tongue, or face; shortness of breath; closing of your throat; or hives);
- seizures;
- numbness or tingling;
- dizziness or loss of coordination; or
- severe diarrhea.

Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue to take Metronidazole and talk to your doctor if you experience
- darkening of your urine;
- nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite;
- an unpleasant metallic taste in your mouth;
- constipation or mild diarrhea;
- headache; or
- swollen or sore tongue.

Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.

What other drugs will affect Metronidazole

Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines:
- a barbiturate such as phenobarbital (Luminal, Solfoton), amobarbital (Amytal), or secobarbital (Seconal). These medicines may decrease the effects of Metronidazole.
- warfarin (Coumadin). Bleeding may occur if Metronidazole and warfarin are used together.
- phenytoin (Dilantin). Phenytoin may cause dangerous side effects when taken with Metronidazole.
- lithium (Lithobid, Eskalith, others). Lithium may also cause dangerous side effects when taken with Metronidazole.

Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with Metronidazole. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines.

All prescription drugs:

A
abilify accupril accutane acetaminophen aciphex actifed actonel actos acyclovir adalat adderall adipex advair advil albuterol alesse aleve allegra allopurinol amaryl ambien amiodarone amitriptyline amoxicillin amoxil amphetamine anacin aprazolam aricept asacol aspirin atenolol ativan atorvastatin atrovent augmentin avandia avapro avastin avelox azmacort
B
baclofen
bactrim bactroban baycol benadryl bextra biaxin boniva bontril buspar buspirone
C
caduet campral camptosar capoten captopril cardizem cardura carisoprodol casodex catapress cefzil celebrex celexa cellcept cephalexin cialis cipro ciprodex clarinex claritin climara clindamycin clonazepam clonidine codeine codeprex combivent combivir concerta copaxone coreg coricidin cotrim coumadin cozaar crestor cubicin cyclobenzaprine cymbalta
D
darvocet demerol depakote desogen detrol dextromethorphan diazepam diclofenac didrex diflucan digoxin dilantin diltiazem dimetapp diovan diprivan ditropan doxazosin doxycycline drixoral duragesic dyazide
E
effexor elavil elocon eloxatin emend enalapril enbrel endocet engerix-b entex epogen epzicom erbitux ertaczo ery-tab erythromycin estradiol evista 
F
fabrazyme famotidine fazaclo fenofibrate fioricet fiorinal flexeril flomax flonase flovent fluoxetine fosamax fosrenol furosemide  
G
gabapentin gamimune gemfibrozil gemzar glipizide glucophage glucotrol glucovance glyburide glyburide guaifenesin guaifenex 
H
herceptin humalog humira hydroxyzine hyzaar  
I
ibuprofen imdur imitrex imodium inderal insulin integrilin iressa 
K
kaletra keflex kenalog keppra ketek klonopin kytril  
L
lamictal lamisil lanoxin lantus lasix lescol levaquin levitra levothyroxine levoxyl lexapro lidoderm lipitor lisinopril lithium lorazepam lortab lotensin lotrel lotrisone lovenox lupron luveris  
M
macrobid magnevist meclizine medroxyprogesterone meridia metformin methadone methamphetamine methotrexate methylphenidate methylprednisolone metoclopramide metoprolol metronidazole miacalcin minocycline mobic monopril morphine motrin myfortic  
N
naproxen nasacort nasonex natrecor neulasta neupogen neurontin nexium nifedipine nitrofurantoin norco nortriptyline norvasc  
O
omeprazole omnicef orthovisc oxybutynin oxycodone oxycontin oxytrol  
P
paraplatin patanol paxil pegasys penicillin pepcid percocet percodan percogesic phendimetrazine phenergan phentermine phenytoin plavix plendil potassium pravachol prednisone premarin prempro prevacid prilosec prinivil procrit promethazine propecia propofol propoxyphene propranolol protonix proventil provigil prozac pseudoephedrine pulmicort  
R
ranitidine rebetol reglan relafen relpax remeron remicade renagel renova rhinocort riomet risperdal risperidone ritalin rituxan rocephin rogaine roxicet  
S
sanctura seasonale sensipar serevent seroquel serzone singulair skelaxin soma somavert sonata spiriva spironolactone strattera striant sustiva synagis synthroid 
T
tamoxifen tavist taxol taxotere tegretol temazepam tenormin tenuate tequin terazosin tetracycline tiazac tindamax titralac tobradex topamax toprol tramadol trazodone triamcinolone triaminic triamterene tricor trileptal trimox triphasil trizivir truvada tylenol 
U
ultane ultracet ultram uroxatral
V
valium valtrex vaniqa vasotec velcade verapamil viagra vicodin vicoprofen vidaza viracept viread vytorin  
W
warfarin wellbutrin  
X
xalatan xanax xenical xifaxan xolair xopenex xyrem  
Y
yasmin 
Z
zanaflex zantac zavesca zelnorm zemplar zerit zestoretic zestril zetia ziac zithromax zocor zofran zoladex zoloft zometa zorbtive zosyn zovirax zyrtec zyvox