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Viracept

What is Viracept

Viracept is an antiviral medication. It is in a category of HIV medicines called protease inhibitors. Viracept prevents HIV from maturing. This reduces the amount of infectious or active virus in the body.

Viracept is used to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Viracept is not a cure for HIV or AIDS.

Viracept may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

General medical information about Viracept

Some drugs are not recommended to be taken with Viracept. Very high levels of these medications, which could occur during therapy with Viracept, could be life threatening. Do not take Viracept without first talking to your doctor if you are taking any of the following drugs:
- cisapride (Propulsid);
- rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane) or rifabutin (Mycobutin);
- herbal or natural products containing St. John's wort;
- pimozide (Orap);
- ergotamine (Ergostat, Cafergot, Ercaf, Wigraine) or dihydroergotamine (D.H.E. 45);
- amiodarone (Cordarone), bepridil (Vascor), flecainide (Tambocor), propafenone (Rythmol), or quinidine (Quinaglute, Quinidex, others);
- diazepam (Valium), clorazepate (Librium), estazolam (ProSom), flurazepam (Dalmane), midazolam (Versed), triazolam (Halcion), or zolpidem (Ambien);
- bupropion (Wellbutrin) or clozapine (Clozaril); or
- meperidine (Demerol), piroxicam (Feldene) or propoxyphene (Darvocet, Darvon, Wygesic).

Take Viracept with a meal to increase the absorption of the drug by the body.

What you should find out before taking Viracept

Some drugs are not recommended to be taken with Viracept. Very high levels of these medications, which could occur during therapy with Viracept, could be life threatening. Do not take Viracept without first talking to your doctor if you are taking any of the following drugs:
- cisapride (Propulsid);
- rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane) or rifabutin (Mycobutin);
- herbal or natural products containing St. John's wort;
- pimozide (Orap);
- ergotamine (Ergostat, Cafergot, Ercaf, Wigraine) or dihydroergotamine (D.H.E. 45);
- amiodarone (Cordarone), bepridil (Vascor), flecainide (Tambocor), propafenone (Rythmol), or quinidine (Quinaglute, Quinidex, others);
- diazepam (Valium), clorazepate (Librium), estazolam (ProSom), flurazepam (Dalmane), midazolam (Versed), triazolam (Halcion), or zolpidem (Ambien);
- bupropion (Wellbutrin) or clozapine (Clozaril); or
- meperidine (Demerol), piroxicam (Feldene) or propoxyphene (Darvocet, Darvon, Wygesic).

Before taking Viracept, tell your doctor if you have any type of liver disease. You may need a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during therapy.

The Viracept powder contains phenylalanine. Patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) should not take Viracept powder.

Viracept is in the FDA pregnancy category B. This means that it is not expected to be harmful to an unborn baby. It is very important to treat HIV/AIDS during pregnancy to reduce the risk of infecting the unborn baby. Talk to your doctor about treatment options if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during treatment. .

It is not known whether Viracept passes into breast milk and

What effect it may have on a nursing baby. To prevent transmission of the virus to uninfected babies, it is recommended that HIV-positive mothers not breast-feed.

How should take Viracept

Take Viracept exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.

Take each dose with a full glass of water.

Take Viracept with a meal to increase absorption of the drug by the body.

If you cannot swallow the tablets, dissolve them in a small amount of water. Once dissolved, mix the cloudy liquid well and consume it immediately. The glass should be rinsed with water and the rinse should be swallowed to ensure the entire dose is consumed.

The pediatric oral powder should be mixed with a small amount of water, milk, formula, soy formula, soy milk, or a dietary supplement. Do not mix the powder with apple, orange, or other acidic juices or foods. Do not add the liquid directly to the bottle of oral powder. The approximate dose should be measured out prior to mixing. The combination will taste very bitter. Consume the mixture immediately after preparation. If the mixture cannot be consumed immediately, it should be stored under refrigeration and used within 6 hours. Do not heat the mixture once it has been prepared.

Viracept and didanosine (ddI, Videx) should be taken at least 2 and a half hours apart from one another to prevent an interaction.

It is important to take Viracept regularly to get the most benefit.

Treatment of HIV/AIDS almost always requires the use of two or more drugs. If you need to stop taking one of the medicines you are taking for HIV, you should stop all of them until you can talk to your doctor.

Your doctor may want you to have blood tests or other medical evaluations during treatment with Viracept to monitor progress and side effects.

Store Viracept at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

If you miss a dose:

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and only take the next regularly scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose of this medication unless otherwise directed by your doctor.

What happens if you overdose:

Seek emergency medical attention if an overdose is suspected.

Symptoms of a Viracept overdose are not known.

Avoid while taking Viracept

Follow your doctor's instructions with respect to high-risk activities such as unprotected sex and the sharing of needles. Viracept is not a cure for HIV or AIDS, and the virus can still be transmitted to others during treatment with this medication.

Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any other medications, including over-the-counter and herbal products. Many drugs may interact with Viracept. Such interactions could cause dangerous side effects or reduce the effectiveness of Viracept.

Possible side effects of Viracept

Stop taking Viracept and seek emergency medical attention if you experience an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; swelling of the lips, tongue, or face; or hives).

The most common side effect from Viracept therapy is diarrhea, which can be treated with an antidiarrheal medication. Talk to your doctor if you experience diarrhea.

Other, less serious side effects may also occur. Continue to take Viracept and talk to your doctor if you experience
- nausea or abdominal pain;
- a rash; or
- headache, fever, or discomfort.

Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.

What other drugs will affect Viracept

Some drugs are not recommended to be taken with Viracept. Very high levels of these medications, which could occur during therapy with Viracept, could be life threatening. See the "

What you should find out before taking Viracept" section for a detailed list.

Before taking Viracept, tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines:
- phenytoin (Dilantin), carbamazepine (Tegretol), or phenobarbital (Luminal, Solfoton);
- sildenafil (Viagra), vardenafil (Levitra) or tadalafil (Cialis);
- a tricyclic antidepressant such as amitriptyline (Elavil), desipramine (Norpramin), nortriptyline (Pamelor), imipramine (Tofranil), and others;
- warfarin (Coumadin);
- cyclosporine (Sandimmune, Neoral), tacrolimus (Prograf), sirolimus (Rapamune);
- methadone (Dolophine, Methadose);
- a stomach or ulcer medication such as cimetidine (Tagamet), famotidine (Pepcid), nizatidine (Axid), ranitidine (Zantac), esomeprazole (Nexium), lansoprazole (Prevacid), pantoprazole (Protonix), omeprazole (Prilosec), or rabeprazole (Aciphex);
- dexamethasone (Decadron, Hexadrol, others);
- dapsone;
- disulfiram (Antabuse);
- a cholesterol medicine including atorvastatin (Lipitor), lovastatin (Mevacor), pravastatin (Pravachol), and simvastatin (Zocor);
- theophylline (Theo-Dur, Theo-Bid, Theolair, Theochron, others);
- metronidazole (Flagyl), erythromycin (Ery-Tab, E-Mycin, Eryc, E.E.S., PCE, others), clarithromycin (Biaxin) or clindamycin (Cleocin);
- a calcium channel blocker such as diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor XR, Tiazac, Diltia XT), felodipine (Plendil), nicardipine (Cardene), nifedipine (Procardia, Adalat), or nimodipine (Nimotop), verapamil (Calan, Covers-HS ,Isoptin, Verelan), amlodipine (Norvasc, Lotrel); nisoldipine (Sular), isradipine (DynaCirc);
- itraconazole (Sporanox) or ketoconazole (Nizoral); or
- an HIV/AIDS medicine such as delavirdine (Rescriptor), efavirenz (Sustiva), or nevirapine (Viramune).

You may not be able to take Viracept, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment if you are taking any of the medications listed above.

Viracept may decrease the effectiveness of birth control pills. Talk to your doctor about other available forms of birth control.

Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with Viracept. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines, including vitamins, minerals, and herbal products.

All prescription drugs:

A
abilify accupril accutane acetaminophen aciphex actifed actonel actos acyclovir adalat adderall adipex advair advil albuterol alesse aleve allegra allopurinol amaryl ambien amiodarone amitriptyline amoxicillin amoxil amphetamine anacin aprazolam aricept asacol aspirin atenolol ativan atorvastatin atrovent augmentin avandia avapro avastin avelox azmacort
B
baclofen
bactrim bactroban baycol benadryl bextra biaxin boniva bontril buspar buspirone
C
caduet campral camptosar capoten captopril cardizem cardura carisoprodol casodex catapress cefzil celebrex celexa cellcept cephalexin cialis cipro ciprodex clarinex claritin climara clindamycin clonazepam clonidine codeine codeprex combivent combivir concerta copaxone coreg coricidin cotrim coumadin cozaar crestor cubicin cyclobenzaprine cymbalta
D
darvocet demerol depakote desogen detrol dextromethorphan diazepam diclofenac didrex diflucan digoxin dilantin diltiazem dimetapp diovan diprivan ditropan doxazosin doxycycline drixoral duragesic dyazide
E
effexor elavil elocon eloxatin emend enalapril enbrel endocet engerix-b entex epogen epzicom erbitux ertaczo ery-tab erythromycin estradiol evista 
F
fabrazyme famotidine fazaclo fenofibrate fioricet fiorinal flexeril flomax flonase flovent fluoxetine fosamax fosrenol furosemide  
G
gabapentin gamimune gemfibrozil gemzar glipizide glucophage glucotrol glucovance glyburide glyburide guaifenesin guaifenex 
H
herceptin humalog humira hydroxyzine hyzaar  
I
ibuprofen imdur imitrex imodium inderal insulin integrilin iressa 
K
kaletra keflex kenalog keppra ketek klonopin kytril  
L
lamictal lamisil lanoxin lantus lasix lescol levaquin levitra levothyroxine levoxyl lexapro lidoderm lipitor lisinopril lithium lorazepam lortab lotensin lotrel lotrisone lovenox lupron luveris  
M
macrobid magnevist meclizine medroxyprogesterone meridia metformin methadone methamphetamine methotrexate methylphenidate methylprednisolone metoclopramide metoprolol metronidazole miacalcin minocycline mobic monopril morphine motrin myfortic  
N
naproxen nasacort nasonex natrecor neulasta neupogen neurontin nexium nifedipine nitrofurantoin norco nortriptyline norvasc  
O
omeprazole omnicef orthovisc oxybutynin oxycodone oxycontin oxytrol  
P
paraplatin patanol paxil pegasys penicillin pepcid percocet percodan percogesic phendimetrazine phenergan phentermine phenytoin plavix plendil potassium pravachol prednisone premarin prempro prevacid prilosec prinivil procrit promethazine propecia propofol propoxyphene propranolol protonix proventil provigil prozac pseudoephedrine pulmicort  
R
ranitidine rebetol reglan relafen relpax remeron remicade renagel renova rhinocort riomet risperdal risperidone ritalin rituxan rocephin rogaine roxicet  
S
sanctura seasonale sensipar serevent seroquel serzone singulair skelaxin soma somavert sonata spiriva spironolactone strattera striant sustiva synagis synthroid 
T
tamoxifen tavist taxol taxotere tegretol temazepam tenormin tenuate tequin terazosin tetracycline tiazac tindamax titralac tobradex topamax toprol tramadol trazodone triamcinolone triaminic triamterene tricor trileptal trimox triphasil trizivir truvada tylenol 
U
ultane ultracet ultram uroxatral
V
valium valtrex vaniqa vasotec velcade verapamil viagra vicodin vicoprofen vidaza viracept viread vytorin  
W
warfarin wellbutrin  
X
xalatan xanax xenical xifaxan xolair xopenex xyrem  
Y
yasmin 
Z
zanaflex zantac zavesca zelnorm zemplar zerit zestoretic zestril zetia ziac zithromax zocor zofran zoladex zoloft zometa zorbtive zosyn zovirax zyrtec zyvox